dh{/sf] jf:tljstf;Fu hf]l8Psf kIf
nf]saxfb'/ rfkfufO{

g]kfnsf] ljQLo k|0ffnLnfO{ Jojl:yt /fi6« a}+snfO{ ah]6/L ;kf]{6 ug{ tof/ b]lvPsf] cG/fli6«o d'b|f sf]if -cfOPdPkm_n] ljQLo ;+:yfx? cfwf 36fpg ;'emfj lbFb} cfPsf] 5 . To;}cg'?k /fi6« a}+sn] klg ljQLo ;+:yf 36fpg dh{/ P08 PlSjlh;g -ufEg]÷ufleg]_ nfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fv]sf] 5 . /fi6« a}+sn] dh{/ ljlgodfjnL hf/L u/]kl5 s]xL ljQLo ljQLo ;+:yfx?n] o;k|lt rf;f] klg b]vfO/x]sf] 5g\ / s/Lj Ps bh{g ;+:yf k|lqmofdf 5g\ . t/, ufEg]÷ufleg] k|lqmofn] cf;fltt ult lng eg] ;s]sf] 5}g . o:tf] l:yltdf s;/L / s] cfwf/df dh{/ k|lqmofnfO{ cl3 a9fpg] eg]/ yk u[xsfo{ gug]{ xf] eg] clxn] dh{sf nfuL tof/ ePsf ;+:yf klg k|lqmofaf6 gaflxl/Pnfg eGg ;lsGg .

sDkgLx?sf] Ifdtf ;'wf/ / nfut 36fpg] pkfosf ?kdf dh{/ P08 PlSjhL;gnfO{ lng ;lsG5 . dh{/n] ljz]iful/ nfut PsqLs/0f -s:6 sG;f]ln8];g_, /fh:j a[l4, If]q lj:tf/, ahf/ k'FhLs/0f, ;]o/wgLsf] d"No lgdf{0fnfO{ Vofn u/]sf] x'G5 . Pscsf]{df b'O{ sDkgL ldn]kl5 k|fKt x'g] cltl/Qm d"No h;nfO{ tfnd]n -l;ghL{_ d"No klg elgG5, k|fKt x'G5 . b'O{ sDkgL cnu ?kdf ;~rfng ePsf] cj:yfdf eGbf PsLs[t eP/ ;~rfng x'Fbf a9L /fh:j k|fKt x'g'k5{ . To:t} dh{kl5 sDkgLsf] vr{df klg sdL cfpg'k5{ . b'O{ sDkgLsf] ldngkl5 sDkgLdf k'FhLsf] s'n nfut sd x'g'k5{, oL dh{/ d'Vo /0fgLlt x'g\ .

ufEg]÷ufleg] k|lqmofsf nfuL ;a}eGbf ufx|f] Joj;foLs lg0f{o ug'{k5{ . h;n] Ps gofF sDkgL :yfkgf xf]; . gofF tyf clws dxTjsf+IfL ljQLo nIo, a[l4sfnfuL 5f]6f] ;dodf clws kl/jt{g, k'/fgf] sDkgLsf ljefux?sf] k'gu7{g, ;f+:s[lts dte]b, sd{rf/Lx?sf] pRrb/, Go"g pTkfbsTjh:tf s'/fn] dh/ k|lqmofnfO{ k|efljt kf/]sf] x'G5 . oL s'/fx?nfO{ ;sf/fTds ?kdf sfof{Gjog ug{ ;s] dh{/ k|lqmofn] :jefljs ult lnG5 .

g]kfndf ufEg]÷ufleg] k|lqmofs} af/]df s]lGb|o a}+s / a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfsf]aLrdf laafb oyfjt 5 . s]lGb|o a}+sn] dh{sf nfuL ;}4flGts ;xdlt lbPkl5 dfq 8\o" 8]lnh]G; cl86 -8L8LP_ ug{ kfpg] lgodk|lt a}+s/x?sf] c;Gt'l:6 5 . pgLx?nb] klxn] g} 8L8LP u/]sf] cj:yfdf s'g sDkgL s:tf] 5, To;}sf cfwf/df dh{ k|lqmofnfO{ ult lbg ;s] ;xh x'g] atfO/x]sf 5g\ . a}+sx?n] :jefljs ?kdf o;af/] ;sf/fTds eP/ oL s'/f p7fO/x]sf x'g\ eg] To;af/] ;a} kIf ;t{s / ;r]t x'g}k5{ . o;sf nfuL Pp6f dfq xf]Og, x/]s af6f]x?nfO{ ;dfof]lht ub}{ hfg' clxn]sf] cfjZostf xf] . hltklg a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yf ufEg]÷ufleg] k|lqmofdf ;fd]n ePsf 5g\, ltgLx?sf] af/]df ahf/df gsf/fTds wf/0ff uO{/x]sf] 5 . clwsf+; dh{/ tf]lsPsf] ;dodf ;dfg'kflt k'FhL gk'¥ofPsf / ;+:yfut ;'zf;gsf af/]df k|Zg p7]sf ;+:yfx? dfq nfu]sf] ;Gb]z uPsf] 5 . o:tf] gsf/fTds ;Gb]znfO{ /fi6« a}+sn] d]6fpg g;s];Dd g]kfndf dh{/ k|lqmofn] ;fy{stf kfpFb}g .

;+:yfut ;'zf;gdf sdhf]/ b]lvPsf ljQLo ;+:yfx?sf] ;'wf/ geO{sg cl3 a9\bf To;n] hfoh÷gfhfoh ;a} k|s[ltsf sfd ug]{x?sf] dgf]an a9\g] ;Defjgf b]lvG5 . o;tkm{ s]lGb|o a}+s ljz]if rgfvf] x'g'k5{ . s'g} ;+:yf / ;d"xsf] gfd cfpFbf ;sf/fTds x'g] / s'g}sf af/]df dlxgf}+ ;Dd cNdNofP/ /fVg] s]lGb|o a}+ssf] k|a[lQn] w]/} ;+:yfx?df lg/f;f 5fPsf] 5 . ;f]w]sf x/]s k|Zgsf] hjfkm lbg' h?/L x'Fb}g eg]/ dlxgf}+;Dd cfj]bg lbPsf ;+:yfx?nfO{ jf:tljs k|lqmofdf g8f]¥ofpg' s]lGb|o a}+ssf] sdhf]/Lsf ?kdf b]lvPsf] 5 . dh{/ k|lqmofnfO{ lg:sif{df k'¥ofpg] / ;Ifd tyf ;an ;+:yf agfpg] xf] eg] s]lGb|o a}+ssf] …dh{/ 8]S;Ú cem lj:tf/ ul/ tTsfn lg:sif{ lg:sg] 9+udf cl3 a9fpg'k5{ . x/]s a}+s tyf laQLo ;+:yfsf] aflif{s ;'kl/j]If0f tyf lgodg eO{/x]sf] cj:yfdf dh{/ cfj]bgdfyL l9nf ul/ dlxgf}+ kv{g'kg]{ s'g} sf/0f b]lVfFb}g .

…b slDKn6 ufO{8 6' dh{; P08 PlSjhL;gÚsf n]vsåo l6df]yL h] ulNkg / dfs{ xG8{gn] lgDg tYox?nfO{ s]nfPsf 5g\ . dh{/ P08 PlSjlh;gdf ;fd]n ePsf &) k|lt;t 36\gfx? c;kmn ePsf 5g\ . dh{ ePsfdWo] s]an @# k|lt;tn] dfq cfkm\gf] k'FhLsf] nfut p7fPsf 5g\ . dh{kZrftsf] klxnf] ^ dlxgfdf %) k|lt;t;Dd pTkfbsTj 36\g ;S5 . ;DjlGwt ;+:yfsf k|jw{sx?n] dh{ ePsf ljQLo ;+:yfx?sf] k|bz{gnfO{ …;LÚ ju{df /fVg] u/]sf 5g\ . dh{/kl5sf] klxnf] jif{ $& k|lt;t sd{rf/Lx?n] 5fl8lbG5g\ eg] afFsLdWo] klg &% k|lt;t sd{rf/Lx? klxnf] tLg jif{leq ;f] sDkgL 5fl8lbG5g\ . @))* sf] h'nfO{÷cu:6df k|sfl;t hg{n ckm lahg]; :6«f6]hLdf sd;]sd dh{ ePsf ;+:yfsf sf/0f Ps b;s;Dd g]t[Tj lg/Gt/ g:6 ug]{ pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . hg{ndf dh{ ePsf ;+:yfaf6 !) jif{;Dd nuftf/ x/]s jif{ @! k|lt;tsf b/n] sd{rf/L u'dfpg] / of] b/ dh{ gePsf ;+:yfaf6 sd{rf/L 5f8\g] qmdsf] bf]Aa/n] a9L /x]sf] pNn]v 5 . w]/} JolQmx? Pp6} ;+:yfdf s]lGb|t x'g' kg]{ / sfdsf] afF8kmfF8 a9L eO{ sd{rf/Lx?sf] :t/ a[l4 l9nf ul/ x'g] ePsfn] klg obfsbf sd{rf/Lx? dh{/ P08 PlSjlh;gsf ljkIfdf /xg] u/]sf] kfOG5 . o:tf] k|a[lQ vf;ul/ 7"nf a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfx?sf] PsLs/0fdf b]lvg] u/]sf] 5 . o:tf] a]nf plrt lsl;dn] sd{rf/L Joj:yfkgsf nfuL /fi6« a}+sn] :k:6 lbzflgb]{z ug{ ;s]df dh{n] yk k|f]T;fxg kfpF5 . sd{rf/L Joj:yfkg sDkgLx?n] cf–cfkm\g} 9+un] ubf{ a9L ljrng cfpg] u/]sf] g]kfns} ljutsf s]xL ;fgf 36\gfqmdn] klg b]Vg ;lsG5 .

/fi6« a}+sn] klg dh{sf af/]df km]/L Ps k6s ;f]Rg] a]nf cfPsf] 5 . s]lGb|o a}+sn] gLlt NofPsf 5f}+, dh{ eO{xfN5 lg eg]/ 5f8\g] l:ylt 5}g . clxn] dh{/ k|lqmofdf cfPsf b'O{ bh{g ljQLo ;+:yf dh{ eP/ Ps bh{g ;+Vof 36\of] eg]/ /dfpg] a]nf of] xf]Og . To;f] t ;+Vof ds]{G6fon / OGj]:6f kmfOgfG; :jlR5s vf/]hLdf uPsf 5g\ . g]kfn lasf; a}+s, ;Demgf kmfOgfG;, o'gfO{6]8 lasf; a}+s /fi6« a}+sn] g} vf/]hLdf nu]sf] 5 . To;}ul/ ;d:ofu|:t s]xL / ;txdf cfOg;s]sf t/, s]lGb|o a}+sn] ;d:ofdf km;]sf eg]/ lrlqt u/]sf] s/Lj b'O{ bh{g ljQLo ;+:yfnfO{ vf/]hLdf n}hfg] xf] eg] l56f] ;+Vof 36\g;S5 . dh{/ k|lqmofdf /x]sf;lxt To;}klg @ bh{g a9L ljQLo ;+:yf eg] 36\g] lglZrt eO{;s]sf] 5 . To;}n] dh{/df a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfx?nfO{ yk k|f]T;lxt ug{ ;/sf/af6} s'g} ;Daf]wgx? cfjZos eP To;sf nfuL klg /fi6« a}+sn] g} kxn ug'{k5{ . clxn] g]kfn a}+s;{ ;+3n] k|wfgdGqL:t/af6} ;Daf]wg x'g'kg]{ elg/x]sf] 5 . o;a]nf dh{/sf] xNnf / oyfy{nfO{ s]nfO{ s'g kIfaf6 s] s'/f pl7/x]sf] 5 / To;sf] ;dfwfg s] x'g;S5 eg]/ /fi6« a}+sn] l56f] lg0f{o ug'{k5{ . ljQLo ;+:yfsf] ;+Vof 36\g' dfq 7"nf] s'/f xf]Og, ;+:yfx? k|efjsf/L ?kdf lqmofl;n / aha't /xg' dxTjk"0f{ kIf xf] . s]lGb|o a}+sn] lg0f{o ug]{ t/, l9nf ul/ ug]{ k|a[lQn] ljQLo ;+:yfsf] lj:tf/ / ;'wf/ k|lqmofnfO{ k5fl8 ws]ln/x]sf] 5 .